Phytochemical Analysis And Invitro Antioxidant Activity Of Dolichos biflorus
Keywords:phytochemical analysis, TLC, antioxidant activity, Dolichos biflorus
Medicinal plants have been identified and used throughout human history. Plants have the ability to synthesize a wide variety of chemical compounds that are used to perform important biological functions and to defend against attack from predators such as insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals. Chemical compounds in plants mediate their effect on the human body through processes identical to those already well understood for the chemical compounds in conventional drugs. The use of herbs to treat disease is almost universal among non-industrialized societies and is often more affordable than purchasing expensive modern pharmaceuticals. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 80 percent of the populations of some Asian and African countries presently use herbal medicine for some aspect of primary health care. The present study focused on the phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of the Dolichos biflorus leaf in various extracts (chloroform, ethanol and water) were prepared and used for the analysis. Among these extracts, the ethanolic extracts have maximum phytochemicals than compared to other extracts. The extract was further purified using thin layer chromatography.
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