ISSN : 2348 - 8948

Current Issue

Volume : 5 Issue :7 Month : July (2017)
Page Numbers : 241-248

Phytoconstituents and Pharmacological activity of Pinus roxburghii Sarg.:A Review

Neelam Kumari*, Narinder Singh, Dr.Balbir Singh
The Pinus roxburghii Sarg (Pinaceae) is commonly known as chir pine. The taxonomy of P.roxburghii is Kingdom: plantae, division: pinophyta, class: pinopsida, family: pinaceae, genius: pinus, species: roxburghii.The Pinus roxburghii is an economically valuable species,it is also planted in the garden for ornamental purpose. The Plant is employed in paper and rubber industries and also the source of an oleoresin, which yields turpentine oil. Traditional uses of Plant is sweet, bitter, pungent, intestinal antiseptic, antidyslipidemic and antioxidant and is used in eye, ear, throat, blood , skin, bronchitis, ulcer, inflammations and itching .The timber of the tree is largely used for various purposes e.g. house building and musical instruments. Phytochemicals present in Pinus needles and stems are vitamin C, tannins, flavonoids and alkaloids, essential oil obtained from Needle, bark, and cone of tree α-pinene, β-pinene, car-3-ene, abietic acid and iso-pimaric acid was isolated from xylem resin. Pharmacological activity of wood oil is used for hepatoprotective. Resins is used as antibacterial, leaves having wound healing and analgesic activity, bark having anticonvulsant. Cone is used in fungal infection.
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